DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Fri, 21 Jun 2019

Synthesis, DNA Binding, Photo Nuclease and Antibacterial PDT of Iron Complexes of Phenanthroline Based Photosensitizers

Chittanahalli N. Sudhamani1, Halehatty S. Bhojya Naik1*, Kalligundi R. Sangeetha Gowda1 and M. Giridhar1

1.Department of Studies and Research in Industrial Chemistry, School of Chemical Sciences, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta-577 451, INDIA


Fe(II) complexes [Fe(mqs)(B)2](PF6)(1)-(3) of  2-thiol 4-methylquinoline and phenanthroline bases (B), viz 1,10-Phenanthroline (phen in 1), Dipyrido[3,2-d:2',3'-f]quinoxaline (dpq in 2) and Dipyrido[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]phenazine (dppz in 3) have been prepared and characterized. The DNA-binding behaviors of these three complexes were investigated by absorption spectra, viscosity measurements and thermal denaturation studies. The DNA-binding constants for complexes 1, 2 and 3 were determined to 2.4 x104, 1.3 x 105 and 4.2 x105 M-1, respectively. The experimental results suggest that these complexes interact with DNA through groove binding mode. The photo induced cleavage studies shows that the complexes possess photonuclease property against pUC19 DNA under UV–Visible irradiation via a mechanistic pathway involving formation of singlet oxygen as the reactive species. Antibacterial PDT for E. coli strain, the control group showed a significantly higher (p<0.05) bacterial growth (1.5 x 108 CFU/mL), while the complex (3) group presented no significant reduction (p>0.05) in the CFU counts. The complex (3)/Light group presented a significant decrease in the CFU counts (p<0.05) compared with the control group (71.64% for E. coli).

Keywords: groove binding; metal complexes; singlet oxygen; photonuclease activity; antibacterial PDT.

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