Sat, 18 Nov 2017

A Concise Review on Sustained Drug Delivery System and Its Opportunities

Manish J. Chauhan*1, Satish A. Patel2

 

1. Group Leader, Formulation Development, Astron Research Ltd., Ahmedabad

2. S. K. Patel Institute of Pharmaceutical Science & Research, Kharva, Guajarat, India.


Presently pharmaceutical industries are focusing on development of sustained release formulations due to its inherent boons. Sustained release dosage forms are designed to release a drug at a predetermined rate by maintaining a constant drug level for a specific period of time with minimum side effects. The basic rationale of sustained release drug delivery system optimises the biopharmaceutical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of a drug in such a way that its utility is maximized, side-effects are reduced and cure of the disease is achieved. There are several advantages of sustained release drug delivery over conventional dosage forms like improved patient compliance due to less frequent drug administration, reduction of fluctuation in steady-state drug levels, maximum utilisation of the drug, increased safety margin of potent drug, reduction in healthcare costs through improved therapy and shorter treatment period. Sustained release products are designed to bring the blood level of a drug immediately to therapeutic concentrations by means of an initial dose portion called loading dose and then sustain this level for a certain predetermined time with the maintenance portion. The basic goal of sustained release is provide promising way to decrease the side effect of drug by preventing the fluctuation of the therapeutic concentration of the drug in the body and increase patient compliance by reducing frequency of dose.

Key Words: Oral sustained release system, Matrix tablet, Patient compliance, Half-life


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