DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Sat, 25 May 2019

Dip Pen Nanolithography


Seema Jadhav*, Pournima Morey, Manisha Karpe, Vilasrao Kadam

1. Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Pharmacy, University of Mumbai, Sector-8, C.B.D., Belapur, Navi Mumbai- 400614, Maharashtra, India




Nanolithography is the art and science of etching, writing, or printing at the nanoscopic level, in which the dimensions of characters are on the order of nanometers. The direct physical interactions between the atomic-force microscopy (AFM) tip and the sample allow local surface modification, allowing use of the AFM tip for scanning-probe lithography. Dip-pen nanolithography (DPN) differs conceptually from other scanning-probe lithography in that, rather than delivering energy to the surface, DPN directly delivers materials to the surface from an ink-coated AFM tip in a molecular printing process. DPN is a scanning probe nano patterning technique in which an atomic force microscope (AFM) tip is used to deliver molecules to a surface via a solvent meniscus, which naturally forms in the ambient atmosphere. This direct-write technique offers high resolution patterning for a number of molecular inks on a variety of substrates. DPN can be used to pattern nanostructure arrays in a massively parallel fashion. Indeed, one and two dimensional arrays of probes with numbers up to 55,000 have been already developed and proved successful in the DPN process. The use of small sample amounts in DPN should be particularly attractive to biologists for significantly lowering limits of detection of target molecules.

Keywords: Nanolithography, atomic force microscopy, dip pen nanolithography, nano patterning, applications

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