Tue, 21 Nov 2017

EFFICACY OF VACCINATION COUNSELLING ON AWARENESS, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES AMONG ADOLESCENT STUDENTS IN RAJASTHAN, INDIA

Sanjana Rambal Bhat1*, Niharika Monala1, Bharti Prabhakar1.

 

1. Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, Rajasthan


ABSTRACT

 

Lack of awareness about the various vaccine preventable diseases and the huge risk of mortality and morbidity associated with the diseases like Chicken-pox, Typhoid, Hepatitis-A and Hepatitis –B is a challenge that needs urgent attention especially in adolescents. To assess the efficacy of vaccination counselling on the awareness, attitude and practices related to Chicken-Pox, Typhoid, Hepatitis-A and Hepatitis –B among school going adolescents using some of the constructs of Health belief model. A Pretest-Post test study was conducted among 502 school going adolescents studying in 9th, 10th and 11th standards to assess the efficacy of vaccination counselling on the awareness, attitude and practices related to vaccination against Typhoid, Chicken-pox, Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B, using a pre-tested structured questionnaire after getting permission from the school authorities and verbal consent from the respondents. The pre-test (T1) scores were low in all the three components of awareness, attitude and practices. After vaccination counselling, the post test (T2) scores increased, for all the components, the difference being statistically significant (p<0.05), using paired t-test of difference between means at 5% significance level. Vaccination is one of the most cost-effective disease prevention tools. Barriers related to non-immunisation in adolescents need to be addressed urgently to reduce the huge burden of disease associated with vaccine-preventable diseases. Besides making quality vaccines available at affordable prices, submission of immunisation completion certificate should be made mandatory before admission into schools and colleges.

Keywords: - Adolescents, Vaccination, Typhoid, Chicken-pox, Hepatitis-A, Hepatitis-B


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