DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Sun, 21 Apr 2019

Time Controlled Pulsatile Drug Delivery System A Review


Nirav P. Chauhan1*, Jayant Despande1, Pratik H Upadhyay1, Shreeraj R Shah1, Jatin Trivedi1


1. L.J Institute of Pharmacy, Sarkhej, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India



Traditionally, drugs are released in an immediate or extended fashion. A pulsatile drug release, where the drug is released rapidly after a well defined lag-time, could be advantageous for many drugs or therapies. Pulsatile release systems can be classified in multiple-pulse and single-pulse systems. A popular class of single-pulse systems is that of rupturable dosage forms. Other systems consist of a drug-containing core, covered by a swelling layer and an outer insoluble, but semi-permeable polymer coating or membrane. The lag time prior to the rupture is mainly controlled by: (i) the permeation and mechanical properties of the polymer coating and (ii) the swelling behavior of the swelling layer. As is frequently found in the living body, many vital functions are regulated by pulsed or transient release of bioactive substances at a specific site and time. Thus it is important to develop new drug delivery systems to achieve pulsed delivery of a certain amount of drugs in order to mimic the function of the living systems, while minimizing undesired side effects. These dosage forms offer many advantages, such as nearly constant drug level at the site of action, prevention of peak-valley fluctuations, reduction in dose of drug, reduced dosage frequency, avoidance of side effects, and improved patient compliance.

Key words: Lag time, pulsatile drug release, Rupturable coating

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