Sun, 17 Dec 2017

An evaluation of tuberculosis cases: A retrospective study

 

Bhimaray Krishnagoudar*1, Sandeep Anandmurthy1, Katti Ravi Venkappa1, Mahadevamma L1, Shaik Shafiya Begum1

 

1. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B.G.Nagara, Karnataka -571448. India.


 

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis is a contagious infection caused by air borne bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is a growing health problem in the developing world. India accounts for one-fifth of the global TB incident cases, each year nearly two million people in India develop TB1. This was a retrospective record based survey carried at AH & RC (Adichunchanagiri Hospital & Research Centre) Tertiary care teaching hospital, B.G Nagara. Twelve month data of all TB patients i.e. from Sep-09 to Aug-10 that were diagnosed in the Directly Observed Treatment Short Course Centre was taken, which included 120 diagnosed patients. Out of 120 patients diagnosed, the male to female ratio was 2.5:1, and 29 were from age group of 40 to 49 years. Pulmonary TB cases were more i.e. 85 (75.83%) when compared to extra pulmonary i.e. 35 (29.17%), new smear positive cases were 62 (51.67%) and new smear negative cases were 58 (48.33%). Total 67 (55.83%) patients were categorized in CAT-I, 25 (20.83%) patients in CAT-II and 28 (23.33%) in CAT-III.The Treatment Completion Rate (TCR) and rate of cure was not known since all patients were transferred to their nearest peripheral RNTCP/DOTS Centers, and those centers failed to provide proper feedback. So, for transferred TB cases a better system of follow up should be done in order to know about the TCR and rate of cure.

Key Words: RNTCP/DOTS centre, Category, Tuberculosis, TCR (Treatment Completion Rate).

 


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