DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Mon, 27 May 2019

Klinefelter Syndrome A review


Ramachandran Sudarshan1*, G. Sree Vijayabala2, KS Prem Kumar1, S. Kandesh Kumar1, S. Allwin Benjamin Raj1

1.Best Dental Science College, Madurai.

2.Thai Moogambikai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai.



Klinefelter syndrome is a chromosomal condition in which there is a presence of extra X chromosome in the males. It is characterized by small testicles, azospermia, gynecomastia, several general, craniofacial, oral manifestations and radiological manifestations. This review highlights the etiology, salient clinical features, features during the life span, other manifestations reported, oral and craniofacial radiological features, investigations, treatment, recent advancements in the management, risk factors of Klinefelter syndrome are discussed briefly.

Keywords: Klinefelter syndrome (KS), Taurodontism, Testosterone

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