Mon, 20 Nov 2017

Study on Usage of Antimicrobials in Hospitalized Patients in Rural Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

 

Mahadevamma L*1, Bhimaray S Krishnagoudar1, Shaik Shafiya Begum1, Ravi V Katti1

1. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Sri Adichunchanagiri College of Pharmacy, B G Nagara-571448, Karnataka, India


 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to find the usage of antimicrobials in hospital section and to study the frequency of morbidity and mortality. The present study was undertaken to screen rational use of antimicrobials in inpatient department (IPD). Prescriptions from medicine, surgery, obstetrics (OBG) were collected over a period of nine months. Prescriptions containing antimicrobial drugs were analyzed for appropriateness in dose, dosage, duration of therapy. In our study we found that, out of 362, 179 were males and 189 were females. In that most commonly Cephalosporinns 142 (39.22%), Quinolones 128 (35.35%), Antiprotozoal 63 (17.40%) followed by Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Penicillines, and Anthelmentics were prescribed. Our findings indicate an urgent need for the establishment of proper guidelines, dissemination of information to practitioners and supervision of antimicrobial usage in low income countries like India. Irrational and unnecessary drug use can be expensive and harmful leading to resistance.

Key words: Antimicrobials, Prescription, Health Care


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