DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Wed, 27 Mar 2019

Formulation and Comparative Evaluation of Nevirapine Floating Beads and Floating Gel

B.V. Ramana1*, K.Sujatha1, G.Nagarajan1, T.E.G.K.Murthy2

1.Dr.K.V.Subba Reddy Institute of Pharmacy, Kurnool

2. Baptla College of Pharmacy, Guntur-522101


The purpose of the study was to formulate floating alginate beads of Nevirapine (NVP), an Anti-HIV agent. Inspite of long half life (45 hrs) a Nevirapine controlled release once daily formulation could be used to maintain optimum peak plasma concentration for effective viral suppression. The floating bead formulations were prepared by dispersing Nevirapine together with Sodium bicarbonate in a mixture of sodium alginate and Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose solution and sunflower oil and then dripping the dispersion into an acidified solution of calcium chloride. Calcium alginate beads were formed, as the alginate underwent Emulsion gelation by calcium ions, and carbon dioxide developed from the reaction of carbonate salts with acid. The obtained beads were able to float due to CO2 -gas formation and the gas entrapment by the polymeric membrane. The prepared beads were evaluated for percent drug loading, drug entrapment efficiency, morphology, surface topography, buoyancy, in-vitro release, and release kinetics. The beads containing higher amounts of calcium carbonate demonstrated an instantaneous, complete, and excellent floating ability over a period of 24 hours. And this floating beads are compared and evaluated with Nevirapine floaing gel, Good floating properties and sustained drug release were achieved. Finally, these floating beads seemed to be a promising gastro retentive drug delivery system.

Keywords: Gastro retentive Drug Delivery system, Nevirapine, Sustained release, Sodium alginate.

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