Mon, 20 Nov 2017

Comparative Study of Larvicidal Activity of Leaf And Root Extracts of Erythrina Indica Lam against Aedes Aegypti and Culex Quinquefasciatus

Rathi Sre PR*1, Reka M1, Elumalai D2, Kaleena PK 2, Murugesan K1.

1 CAS in Botany, University of Madras, Guindy campus, Chennai-600 025, Tamilnadu, India.

2 Department of Zoology, Presidency College, Chennai-600 005, Tamilnadu, India.


ABSTRACT

In view of an increasing interest in developing plant derived insecticides as an alternative to chemical insecticides, this study was undertaken to assess the larvicidal potential of  Erythrina indica root and leaf extracts  against two medically important species of mosquito vectors, Aedes aegypti  and Culex quinquefasciatus. Larvicidal activity of methanol, aqueous, ethyl acetate, chloroform and petroleum ether extracts of leaf and root of Erythrina indica were tested against the early fourth instar larvae of A.aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus. Fourth instar larvae of A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus were used for assessing the larvicidal activity. A number of 125 larvae were exposed in five replicates of 25 larvae each. Experiments were maintained at 28±1° C, 65±2% relative humidity. The mortality data were subjected to probit analysis to determine the lethal concentrations (LC50 and LC90) to kill 50 and 90 per cent of the treated larvae of the respective species. Among the leaf and root extracts studied for mosquito larvicidal activity, both root and leaf extracts showed the moderate activity. The chloroform extract of the root was moderatively effective against the larvae of C. quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti; the respective values for LC50 and LC90 were 125.55, 118.90 ppm and 375.27, 354.03 ppm. The methanol extract of the leaf was also moderatively effective against the larvae of  C. quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti with respective LC50 and LC90 values 126.60, 126.76 ppm. The finding of the present investigation revealed that the leaf and root extract possesses remarkable larvicidal activity against two medically important vector mosquitoes C.quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti. So this present ecofriendly paradigm proves the efficacy of E.indica as an botanical larvicide.

Keywords: Aedes Aegypti, C. quinquefasciatus, Erythrina indica, Larvicide, Mosquito, Phytochemical


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