Mon, 20 Nov 2017

Anti Acne Hydrogel of Coriandrum Sativum

 

Aditi Vats1*

1.D.J. College of Pharmacy, Niwari Road, Modinagar-201204, U.P.


 

ABSTRACT

Acne is a disease appearing simple but chronic in nature with multiple causative factors like bacteria, inflammation, hormones etc. The present study was conducted to formulate and evaluate the topical anti acne formulation of coriander aqueous extract. The antibacterial activity of aqueous extract against Propionibacterium acne (P. acne) and Staphylococcus epidermidis(S. epidermidis)  was investigated using disc diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentration was determined by agar dilution method. The results showed that coriander aqueous extract showed the MIC values of 1.7 mg/ml and 2.1 mg/ml against P.acne and S. epidermidis respectively. The zone of inhibition exhibited by the aqueous extract was 21.5±1.4mm and 20.6±1.09mm against P.acne and S. epidermidis respectively. The topical formulations were developed using menthol as the penetration enhancer and tested for physical parameters, drug content uniformity, spreadibility, extrudability and in-vitro diffusion. It was reveled from the results that all the formulations showed the increased zone of inhibition for both of the bacteria. The formulations with the addition of penetration enhancer showed the increased drug content as well as the invitro release which increased with increase in the concentration of menthol. The formulation Fa11 showed the drug content (97.9%), in-vitro- diffusion (96.8%) and maximum stability among all the formulations. The optimized formulation showed the thixotropic behavior and first order release rate.

Keywords: acne vulgaris, antibacterial activity, coriander, penetration enhancer, in-vitro activity.


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