Sat, 18 Nov 2017

Comparative Characterization of the Phytomedicinal Constituents of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius Leaf Extracts.

 

Iwuji Samuel Chidi1*, Nwafor Arthur2, Egwurugwu Jude3, Ejeta Kenneth1 , Akpan Utibe1

1.Department of Biomedical Technology, School of Health Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri. PMB 1526 Owerri, Nigeria.

2. Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

3. Department of Human Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Science, Imo State University Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.


 

ABSTRACT

The increasing search and utilization of phytochemicals for medicinal purposes necessitated this comparative isolation and characterization of the medicinal constituents in aqueous, hydro-methanolic (1:4, v/v), hydro-ethanolic (1:4, v/v) leaf extracts of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius. The extracts were tested for twelve important medicinal constituents. Alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, Salkowski’s test were positive though at different strengths in the three extracts. The presence of combined anthraquinons, saponins, free anthraquinones, terpenes and Liberman’s test appeared weak (33.3%) in aqueous and hydro-ethanolic (1:4, v/v) extracts though totally absent in hydro-methanolic (1:4, v/v) extract. Phlobatanins and cyanogenetic glycosides were absent in the three extracts. Hydromethanolic (1:4, v/v) extract contained at least 66.7% alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, Salkowski’s test and Kellerkillian’s test and these gave cumulative percent – strength of 300.1% compared to aqueous extract that had 233.3% and hydroethanolic  (1:4, v/v) extract that had 200%. The results implied that hydromethanolic (1:4, v/v) extraction yields more medicinal constituents than aqueous and hydroethanolic (1:4, v/v) extractions. Further analysis of these isolated phytomedicinal constituents are recommended to understand the physiological and therapeutic implications of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius utilizations.

Keywords: Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, aqueous, hydro-methanolic, hydro-ethanolic, phytomedicinal constituents


[PDF]  Viewed: 1033  Downloaded: 97
  • Call for paper

    American Journal of PharmTech Research (AJPTR) is a peer-reviewed, bimonthly official international journal allowing access to abstracts and full-text.

    Read more...

     

  • Email & SMS Alerts

    Email/SMS alert system is one of the key features and gives update information about the submitted manuscript.

    Read more...

  • Article Statastics

    American Journal of PharmTech Research (AJPTR) provides unique facility for authors to know popularity of articles on basis of numbers of PDF download and views. It will display in tabulated format.

  • Online Submission

    American Journal of PharmTech Research (AJPTR) is one of the International open access journal devoted to various disciplines in science and technology.

    Read more...

web counter
web counter