Mon, 18 Dec 2017

Effect of Environmental Stresses on Lipid and and Haematological Profiles of the Air Breathing Catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn.)

Mudiganti Ram Krishna Rao3*, Morami Devi1, A. Jaffar Hussain1, Ratul Bora2, Karthik Kumar1, M. Jayaprakashvel1.

1. Department of Biotechnology, AMET University, Chennai- 603 112, Tamilnadu, India.

2. Department of Zoology, Swadeshi Academy, Guwahati-781 001, Assam, India.

3. Department of Industrial Biotechnolgy, Bharath University, Chenna-600073, India


ABSTRACT

Fishes adopt themselves to some extent when natural waters have high BOD, heavy metals and ozone contamination. The present work studied the effects of hypoxia, anoxia, ozone, copper sulphate and a combination of copper sulphate + ozone on the lipid and hematological profiles of  Clarias batrachus. In case of lipid profile, total cholesterol level (195.5 ± 1.5) was highest in normal condition, triglyceride (204 ± 3.162), HDL (38 ± 1.224) and VLDL (40.75 ± 1.478) in 2 hour hypoxia, and LDL (129 ± 2.236) in copper sulphate + ozone treated condition. Analysis of blood samples showed elevation Hemoglobin level (9.7 ± 0.070) was highest in 4 hour hypoxia condition, RBC count ( 3 ± .070) and glucose level (186.75 ± 1.478)  in 2 hour hypoxia , PCV percentage (28 ± 0.707) in anoxia , and total protein in normal (6 ± 0.070) and 2 hour hypoxia (6 ± 0.141) conditions.

Keywords: Hypoxia, Anoxia, Ozone, Copper Sulphate, Lipid profile, RBC, Heamoglobin,  Clarias batrachus.


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