DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Fri, 22 Mar 2019

Physical and Phytochemical Parameters of Abutilon Indicum (L), Leaves (Family-Malvaceae)

Ambarsingh Pratapsing Rajput1*, Milind Kashinath Patel2,

1. Associate Professor & Head, Dept. of Chemistry, Z. B. Patil College, Deopur, Dhule (M.S.) India.

2. P. S. G. V. P. Mandal’s SIP Arts,GBP Science and STSKV Commerce College, Shahada, Dist: Nandurbar (M.S.) India.


India is one of the countries in the world distinguished for immense miscellany amongst plants. Less number of plants is studied for their medicinal values as compared to the total number of different varieties of plants found in the universe. In our present study, the plant Abutilon indicum (Family- Malvaceae) was subjected for determination of physico-chemical parameters. The total ash value, acid soluble ash value, alcohol extractive value and water extractive values were determined. The Abutilon leaves were also subjected for phytochemical screening. Methanolic, petroleum ether and chloroformic extracts were selected for the present study as this plant possesses several secondary metabolites like alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, steroids, terpenoids, saponins, flavanoids and proteins. The petroleum ether extract confirmed the presence of sterols, terpenoids and alkaloids. The chloroform extract showed the presence of alkaloids, sterols, flavonoids and glycosides while the methanol extract confirmed the presence of carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds, proteins and amino acids.

Keywords: Abutilon indicum, physico-chemical parameters, ash values, extractive values, phytochemical screening.

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