DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Sat, 25 May 2019

Antioxidant Potential of Solanum Spirale Shoot and Berry: a Medicinal Food Plant Used in Arunachal Pradesh

Temin Payum1*, A.K Das 2, R. Shankar3, C. Tamuly4, and M. Hazarika4

1. Jawaharlal Nehru College, Pasighat, Department of Botany, East Siang District, Arunachal Pradesh, 791103.

2. Rajiv Gandhi University, Department of Botany, Doimukh, Itanagar, Arunachal Pradesh, 791112.

3. Ayurveda Regional Research Institute, Itanagar, Papum-Pare District, Arunachal Pradesh, 791111.

4. CSIR-NEIST, Itanagar Branch, Naharlagun 791110, Arunachal Pradesh, India.


Solanum spirale is a tribal medicinal food plant which is used among the Adi tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, India. The methanol extract of shoot and berry were studied for their total phenolic (Folin-Ciocalteu’s method) and total flavonoid contents (colorimetric method) to study antioxidant potential ((DPPH & ABTS). The extracts were recorded to contain considerable amounts of phenolic content (18.64±2.12 mg GAE/g) in shoot and 11.72±1.42 mg GAE/g) in mature berry and flavonoid content of (5.29±1.01 µM RE/g) in shoot&50.52±1.03 µM RE/g) in mature berry and antioxidant potentials were calculated as 29.85±1.25 µM/g in the ABTS assay of shoot and38.27±1.33µM/g in the ABTS assay of berry while 45.4±0.37µM/g in the DPPH assay of shoot and 52±0.92 µM/g in the DPPH assay of mature berry respectively. This work also discourse traditional use of Solanum spirale among Adi tribes of Arunachal Pradesh.

Keywords: Solanum spirale, total phenolic, flavonoid content, antioxidant potential, tribals, medicinal food, ethnobotany.

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