Mon, 18 Dec 2017

Preliminary Phytochemical Screening of Different Solvent Extracts of Pleurotus Florida and Pleurotus Djamor

P. Vanathi1*, A.Panneerselvam1

1. PG & Research Department of Botany and Microbiology, A.V.V. M Sri Pushpam College (Autonomous) Poondi Thanjavur(Dt).


ABSTRACT

Qualitative analysis of phytochemical screening of P. florida and P. djamor mushroom fruit body was studied. Nine solvents viz: 20% Methanol, Ethanol, chloroform, Ethyl acetate, Petroleum ether, Acetone, Hexane, Benzene, and Water were used to obtain extracts from fruit body powders of mushroom parts. The extracts were subjected to qualitative phytochemical screening using standard procedures. Result showed that nine phytochemicals screened were present. They are alkaloids, Carbohydrates and Proteins, present in all extract of both sample. However Tannins, Oxalate, phenols, quinones, were absent in both sample in all extracts. Flavonoids, sterols present in 3 extracts (i.e) methanol, ethanol, acetone and 2 types of sample solvent extracts. The diversity of phytochemicals found present suggests that P. florida and P. djamor could serve as a source of useful drugs.

Key words: Pleurotus florida, Pleurotus djamor ,phytochemical, different solvent extracts.


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