Thu, 23 Nov 2017

Pharmacovigilance: A Discourse Functional Perspective

SK. Arifa Begum1*, G. Pooja1, K. Niharika1, K. Padma Latha1

1.Vijaya Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences for Women, Vijayawada-521108, A.P, India.


ABSTRACT

Pharmacovigilance is an integral part of clinical research. The potential awareness regarding adverse drug reactions has resulted in the emergence of the practice of Pharmacovigilance. Both clinical trials safety and post marketing pharmacovigilance are very significant in ensuring the drug safety. Pharmacovigilance methods can be categorized as Passive surveillance, Active surveillance, Comparative observational studies, targeted clinical investigations and Descriptive studies. The Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) already initiated a nationwide Pharmacovigilance programme under the aegis of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Government of India. The pharmacovigilance system in India has to be refined with the collaboration of pharmacovigilance experts. Implementation of a robust pharmacovigilance program in India in accordance with the objectives and recommendations of World Health Organization by Central Drugs Standard Control Organization is a prerequisite. It is the need of the hour to improve communication between the healthcare professionals and the public; and educating the health professionals well to understand the benefits/ risks of medicines they prescribe. Developing own national database and sharing information with other regulatory agencies will contribute a lot of required information from worldwide data to take the correct decision on medicines and products.

Keywords: Pharmacovigilance, adverse drug reactions, central drugs standard control organization, drug safety.


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