DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Sat, 18 Aug 2018

Dyspepsia -A Gastrointestinal Problem: A Review

Ashutosh Mishra1, Roohi Kesherwani1, Arun Kumar Tiwari*1, Dilip Kumar Patel2

1.Chandra Shekhar Singh college of Pharmacy, Kaushambi , Allahabad (U.P.) India

2.Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences , Allahabad (U.P.) India


ABSTRACT

Dyspepsia is a common disease and it is common in the community.  The  aim of this review is to know the information regarding dyspepsia, and to assess the frequency of various causes of dyspepsia. Dyspepsia is the commonest gastrointestinal problem affecting at least 25% of the population during a year. Its prevalence varies in different countries, depending upon the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection, obesity, drug - alcohol - tobacco intake and spices in diet. Dyspepsia is common in different surveys in western societies have recorded prevalence between 23 and 41%. For many people dyspeptic symptoms are an unavoidable part of living. A minority of those sufferers who do consult can become major consumers of resource. About 4% of general practice consultations are for dyspepsia and 2% of the entire adult population receive either an endoscopy or barium meal each year. Time lost from work and interference with quality of  life are more difficult to measure but are likely to be considerable.

Keywords: Dyspepsia, Helicobacter pylori, endoscopy, peptic ulcer


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