DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Mon, 20 May 2019

Zika Virus Disease-Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Prevention and Treatments

CM Jamkhandi1*, Kambli MR1, Hirave PA1, JI Disouza1

1.Tatyasaheb Kore College of Pharmacy, Warananagar Tal- Panhala, Dist- Kolhapur M.S. India 416113 


Zika virus is a member of the Flavivirus family which was discovered in Uganda in 1947. Zika virus was widely spread in areas of Africa & Asia in 2007. The first Zika virus infection is confirmed in Brazil. This virus transmitted via infected mosquito belonging to Aedes mainly of type Aedes aegypti. It may be suspected from symptoms of the patient but detection of Zika virus disease can only be done by laboratory testing for presence of Zika virus RNA in the blood or other body fluids such as urine or saliva. This disease shows symptoms like Yellow fever, joint pain, and headache & skin rashes. ZVD (Zika Virus Disease) is usually mild but don’t have specific treatment. The ZVD patient should take rest, drink enough fluid & treat pain & fever with common medicines. As there is no vaccine on this disease the person should take prevention to stay away from ZVD.

Keywords: Zika Virus Disease, Endemic, Epidemic, Flavivirus, Microcephaly.

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