Mon, 18 Dec 2017

Prickly Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus Linn.): a Review on Phytochemistry and Pharmacological Activities

Sangita Boro1*, Bhriganka Bharadwaj1, B.G. Unni2

1.Department of Microbiology, Assam Down town University, Sankar Madhav Path, Gandhi Nagar, Panikhaiti, Guwahati 781026, Assam, India.

2.Research Cell, Assam Down town University, Sankar Madhav Path, Gandhi Nagar, Panikhaiti, Guwahati 781026, Assam, India


ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the traditional, clinical potential, ethnopharmacology, phytoconstituent studies and safety profile of Prickly Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus Linn.) with a view to explore the potentiality of the plant and proclaim it to the nature product researchers throughout the world. Phytochemical investigations prove its importance as valuable medicinal plant. It is known as a rich source of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, phenolic acids, steroids, amino acids, terpenoids, lipids, saponin, betalain, b-sitosterol, stigmasterol, linoleic acid, rutin, catechuic tannins and carotenoids. Various researchers have carried out wide spectrum studies on its pharmacological actions and preliminary work has been reported on antidiabetic, antitumour, analgesic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic, bronchodilator, hepato-protective, antifertility, antimalarial, antioxidant properties etc. Hence Prickly Amaranth holds a great potential for in depth biological evaluation.

Keywords: Prickly Amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus, Traditional medicine, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological activities, Ethnopharmacology, Clinical study.


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