DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Sun, 21 Jul 2019

Formulation and Evaluation of Mucoadhesive Buccal Patch of Timolol Maleate

Pooja Shivane1, Dharmendra Solanki *1

1.Charak Institute of Pharmacy, Mandleshwar, Khargone -451


The present study includes the Formulation and Evaluation of Mucoadhesive Buccal Patch of Timolol Maleate for this study work timolol maleate selected as model drug and using either ionic polymers (SCMC) or non-ionic polymers (carbopol, HPMC).The fabricated patches were prepared by solvent casting method.  The mean thicknesses of the buccal patch formulations were 0.34 – 0.43 mm. Moisture uptake of transdermal patches were found to be 2.94-4.13.which prevents the patches from microbial growth and bulkiness. As amount of PVP increased in every polymer blend, tensile strength and elongation at break were increased. Addition of PVP predominantly decreased the swelling characteristics of the buccal patches, except for SCMC. The drug content of the prepared bioadhesive buccal patches were found in the range of 91.4 - 98.54 %.Bioadhesive strength of buccal patches in following order SCMC >Carbopol>HPMC. The release of Timolol maleate from HPMC patches was slower than SCMC and CP 934.As PVP concentration increased, dissolution rate increases among all polymers. For determination of λmax the solution of the timolol maleate was subjected to ultraviolet scanning in the rage 200 to 400 nm. The λmax was found to be at 294 nm .The pH of formulations was found to be 6.8 - 7.5 which is within the limit of semisolid specifications. The folding endurance of BP formulations was found to be 296 – 325.The results indicated that all formulations were flexible and soft. Bioadhesive buccal patches containing SCMC, HPMC and Carbopol showed a zero order drug release.

Keywords: Timolol Maleate, Mucoadhesion, Buccal Patch, PVP, HPMC.

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