DOI: 10.21276/ajptr
Thu, 23 May 2019

Physiochemical Quality of the Water Sources in Shendi Locality, River Nile state Sudan

Eltigani OM Omer*1, Kawther Iesa Ahmed Elhag2, Mohammed Elfatah1 , Arafat Goja3

1.Assistant professor at Public Health department, College of Public Health, Imam Abdurrahman Bin Faisal university, KSA.

2.Lecturer at Biochemistry Department, College of Medicine, Shendi University, Sudan

3.Assistant professor at Clinical Nutrition department, College of Public Health, Imam Abdurrahman Bin Faisal university, KSA


ABSTRACT

This observational, cross-sectional research was designed as community based cross-sectional study in the locality of Shendi, to assess the quality of drinking water and its health risk and impact and consequences to consumers. The study involved all the towns and the villages, the population, and their drinking water sources. System of proportional stratified sampling allocation was followed to select the sample from the water source and the community. Interview, Sanitary and medical surveys and Experimental field and laboratory works for chemical analysis of drinking water sources, was followed for data collection. A highly significant difference was found between the mean levels of turbidity and other physical and chemical parameters. The mean concentration of chloride as cl mg/l was found to be highly associated with ground sources. The electrical properties observable in deep groundwater can be related to the concentration of  ions and mineral salts as shown above and carbon dioxide dissolved in it. Both Nitrite as NO2 and Nitrate as NO3 found to be highest in the shallow wells. Highly significant difference of fluoride means was observed among the various types of drinking water sources. Subsurface shallow water, count the highest level of total dissolved solid (TDS) mg/l. The mean level of hardness mg/l was found high in the ground water. It was observed that the people, who were consuming water of high physical and chemical level in Shendi locality, were suffering more than others from infectious and chronic diseases. Based on the results discussion and conclusion of this study the following recommendations are proposed to help in an improvement sources of drinking water management and which likely to involve consumers in preparing and using safe water at the household level, which will facilitate the ultimate goal of providing all of the Shendi's population with community piped water that is accessible, safe and affordable

Keywords: Water, Water quality, Drinking water


[PDF]   Viewed: 85   Downloaded: 35 DOI No: 10.21276/ajptr.2018.08.06.19
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